What Happens When Senior A Citizen Fails To File ITR By 31st December



According to the law, a senior citizen is an individual resident between the age group of 60 to 80 years, as on the last day of the previous financial year.

In India the majority of older persons face financial hardship in old age as most of them are not in a position to earn their livelihood. Their savings, if any, are not enough to meet their day to day, particularly the medical expenses. Older persons with good net-worth value are in search of good short-term financial planning to earn a good income from their finance. The Income Tax law provides various benefits to senior citizens in India with the view to mitigating their issues.

The basic tax exemption limit for normal citizens below 60 years of age is Rs 2.5 lakh in a financial year. But for Senior Citizens, the exemption limit is Rs 3 lakh, while for Very Senior Citizens, the limit is Rs 5 lakh.

So, a Senior Citizen doesn’t have to pay any tax or file ITR in case the annual income is up to Rs 3 lakh and no TDS is deducted during the financial year. Similarly, a Very Senior Citizen is exempted from paying tax and filing ITR if his/her annual income is up to Rs 5 lakh and no TDS is deducted.

Who is considered as a Super Senior Citizen in India?

A super senior citizen is an individual resident who is above 80 years, as on the last day of the previous financial year.

What is the due date for filing ITR for FY 2019-20?

The original due date for submitting ITR for the assessment year 2020-2021 relevant to financial year 1st April 2019 to 31st March 2020 was 31st July 2020. However, the same was extended till 31st December 2020 due to pandemic Covid19.


What will happen if Senior Citizens missed filing ITR for FY 2019-20 by 31st December?

In case one fails to submit the ITR by the due date, one can still file it by the last date. Even though the due date for submitting ITR for assessment year 2020-2021 is 31st December 2020, the last date is 31st March 2021.

In case senior citizens fail to submit their current ITR by 31st December 2020, they can still do so by 31st March 2021. However, they may have to face the below-mentioned consequences:

Penalty for Late Filing u/s 234F:

For returns filed after December 2020, penalty will be Rs 10,000. However, as a relief to small taxpayers, the IT department has stated that if your total income is not more than Rs 5 lakh, the maximum penalty levied for delay will only be Rs 1000.

Carry forward of losses not allowed

  • Set off of losses means adjusting the losses against the profit or income of that particular year. After making the appropriate and permissible set offs, there could still be unadjusted losses.
  • These unadjusted losses can be carried forward to future years for adjustments against income of these years.
  • However, unless you file your ITR, you cannot recompense your expenses/losses in the previous financial year to the current.
  • If tax returns are not filed on time, unadjusted losses (with some exceptions) cannot be carried forward to future years.
  • Hence, to ensure that the losses are carried forward for future adjustment, a tax return would be required to be filed

Liable to interest on tax liability

  • If you don’t file your ITR, the belated return could lead to extra interest on monthly basis for the remaining tax payable by you.
  • Interest under section 234A is levied for delay in filing the return of income
  • Taxpayer will be liable to pay simple interest at 1% per month or part of a month for delay in filing the return of income from the period commencing on the date immediately following the due date of filing the return of income and ending on the date of furnishing the return of income, or in the case where no return has been furnished, on the date of completion of the assessment under section 144.

Liable to pay Late Fees and Penalty

  • The income tax department notified the taxpayers for late filing of tax returns for A.Y. 2020-21, along with a penalty of Rs 5000 (on filing the return after the due date but on or before 31st December) and Rs 10,000 (on the filing of return after 31st December to 31st March).
  • The taxpayer has to file the late filing of tax returns for A.Y. 2020-21 before 31st March anyhow.
  • The penalty is applicable even if the taxpayer files the returns before 31st March while there is no option to file the returns after 31st March 2020.
  • However, if a taxpayer’s total income does not exceed Rs 5 lakh, then the maximum penalty levied for delay will not exceed Rs 1000.

Interest on refund u/s 244A may be lost

According to Section 244A, where a refund of any amount becomes due to the assessee, he shall be entitled to receive, in addition to the said amount, simple interest thereon calculated in the following manner, namely:

  • where the refund is out of any tax paid by way of advance tax or treated as paid, during the financial year immediately preceding the assessment year, such interest shall be calculated at the rate of 1.5% for every month or part of a month comprised in the period from the 1st of April of the assessment year to the date on which the refund is granted
  • in any other case, such interest shall be calculated at the rate of 1.5% for every month or part of a month comprised in the period or periods from the date or, as the case may be, dates of payment of the tax or penalty to the date on which the refund is granted.
  • The taxpayer will not be entitled to any interest on a refund if the proceedings resulting in the refund are delayed for the reasons attributable to the taxpayer or the deductor (whether wholly or in part). In such a case, where the taxpayer has not filed ITR on time; interest on refund u/s 244A may be lost as delay in filing is attributable to the taxpayer for the period by which they had filed late return.

Assessment under Section 144

The assessee will be liable for best judgement assessment under Section 144 of the Income Tax Act. According to Section 144, the Assessing Officer, after taking into account all relevant material which he has gathered, is under an obligation to make an assessment of the total income or loss to the best of his judgement and determines the tax payable by the assessee in the following cases:-

where any person fails to make a return under Section 139(1) and has not made a return or revised return under Section 139(4) or Belated Return under Section 139(5)

where any person:-

  • fails to comply, with all of the terms of a notice issued under Section 142(1); or
  • fails to comply with directions issued under Section 142(2A) for getting the account audited.
  • where any person, having made a return, fails to comply with all terms and conditions of a notice issued under Section 143(2)

Liable to receive notice of prosecution under Section 276CC

The offence under Section 276CC, prima facie, stood constituted upon failure on the part of the assessee to furnish the return of income for the assessment year in question within the period prescribed in law.

  • A person can be proceeded against for willful failure to furnish ITR under section 276CC of the Income Tax Act.
  • Such proceedings can result in punishment by way of imprisonment and fine.
  • The type of imprisonment and the term of imprisonment is linked to the tax that would have been evaded by such person if the failure had not been deducted.

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